Ballistic standards

GARED s.r.o. manufactures a wide range of ballistic inserts and ballistic panels that are certified by accredited testing laboratories.

Czech standard (ČSN 39 5360)

ČSN 39 5360

It is the youngest standard for the classification and testing of ballistic protection devices, but also the most stringent international standard in terms of meeting the required parameters. According to this standard, a maximum trauma value of 25 mm is allowed, with no distinction as to whether the vest is worn concealed or unconcealed. Another parameter that is required is the maximum volume of the resulting impression, which is 8 ml. This volume corresponds to a maximum trauma depth of 2 mm.

Ballistic resistance of soft and hard ballistics according to ČSN 39 5360

Resistance level  Ammunition  Typ of bullet  Velocity  [m/s] Mass of bullet [g]
1 .22 LR Pb / O 300 ± 10 2,6
2 9 mm Luger CP / Pbj / O 410 ± 10 8
2 cz 7,62 x 25 CP / Pbj / O 470 ± 10 5,5
3 .357 Magnum CP / Pbj / KK 430 ± 10 10,2
3 cz 9 mm Luger CP / Fej / O 440 ± 10 6,45
4 .44 Magnum CP / Pbj / KK 440 ± 10 15,6
4 cz 7,62 x 25 CP / Fej / O 550 ± 10 5,5
5 .223 Rem. CP / Pbj 920 ± 10 4
5 cz 7,62 x 39 CP / Fej 710 ± 10 8
6 7,62 x 51 CP / Pbj 830 ± 10 9,5
6 cz .223 Rem. CP / Fej 950 ± 10 3,95
7 7,62 x 51 CP / Fej 820 ± 10 9,8
7 cz 7,62 x 54 R CP / Fej 860 ± 10 9,75

 




NATO Standard (STANAG 2920)

STANAG 2920

STANAG 2920 (Ballistic test method for personal armour materials and combat clothing) is used to measure the ability of materials to stop shrapnel and shrapnel. This measurement technique was originally developed for body armour, but is now generally used in all situations where shrapnel is a primary concern.

Tests according to STANAG 2920 are performed by firing Fragment Simulating Projectiles (SSP) at the test specimen at different velocities, measuring the velocity of each projectile. By varying the velocities, an estimate of the ballistic limit, which is the speed at which a fragment will penetrate the material, can be obtained after several shots.

Combat units rarely suffer injury or death from missiles, but are at high risk of primary (direct) and secondary (environmental) fragmentation. They are reported in fragmentation levels F, the performance of which is measured by V50.

Balistická ochrana a pancéřování podle normy STANAG 2920

 Úroveň fragmentů F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6
Minimální tříštivost V50* m/s 400 450 500 550 600 650



US standard (NIJ STD 0101.04)

NIJ STD 0101.04

This standard is the internationally recognised norm for the testing and classification of protective vests. It is characterized by six levels of durability, four for soft vests and two for vests with additional hard panels. The standard permits a maximal trauma effect of 44 mm without restrictions for concealed or outer vests. The volume of indentation in a plasticine block has not been defined.

Class Subclass Bullet resistance Weight [g] Minimum Required Bullet Velocity [m/s]
I 1 .22 LR LRN 2,6 329
2 380 ACP FMJ RN 6,2 322
IIA 1 9 mm FMJ* 8,0 341
2 40 S & W FMJ 11,7 322
II 1 9 mm FMJ RN 8,0 367
2 357 Mag JSP 10,2 436
IIIA 1 9 mm FMJ RN 8,2 436
2 44 Mag SJHP 15,6 436
III 1 7.62 mm NATO FMJ 9,6 847
IV 1 30 kalibr M2 AP 10,8 878



US Standard (NIJ STD 0101.06)

NIJ STD 0101.06

Ballistic resistance of soft and hard ballistics according to NIJ STD 0101.06




US Standard (NIJ STD 0106.01)

NIJ STD 0106.01

 Ballistic standard for bulletproof helmets according to NIJ STD 0106.01

Class Subcalass Bullet resistance Weight [g] Velocity[m/s] Shooting distance Maximum deflection BFS
IIA 1 9 mm FMJ* 8,0 373 5m 44 mm
2 40 S & W FMJ 11,7 352 5m 44 mm
II 1 9 mm FMJ RN 8,0 398 5m 44 mm
2 357 Mag JSP 10,2 436 5m 44 mm
IIIA 1 9 mm FMJ RN 8,2 448 5m 44 mm
2 44 Mag SJHP 15,6 436 5m 44 mm
III 1 7.62 mm NATO FMJ 9,6 847 15m 44 mm
IV 1 30 kalibr M2 AP 10,8 878 15m 44 mm

 




US standard (NIJ STD 0108.01)

NIJ STD 0108.01

Ballistic Resistant Protective Material according to NIJ STD 0108.01

Armor Type Subclass Test Ammunition Nominal Bullet Mass [g] Suggested Barrel Length Required Bullet Velocity Required Hits Per Armor Specimen
I 1 22 LRHV Lead 2,6 15 - 16.5cm 320 ± 12m/s 5
2 38 Special RN Lead 10,2 15 - 16.5cm 259 ± 15m/s 5
IIA 1 357 Magnum JSP 10,2 10 - 12cm 381± 15m/s 5
2 9mm FMJ 8,0 10 - 12cm 332± 12m/s 5
II 1 357 Magnum JSP 10,2 15 - 16.5cm 425± 15m/s 5
2 9mm FMJ 8,0 10 - 12cm 358± 12m/s 5
IIIA 1 44 Magnum Lead SWC Gas Checked 15,55 14 - 16cm 426± 15m/s 5
2 9mm FMJ 8,0 24 - 26cm 426± 15m/s 5
III 1 7.62mm 308
Winchester FMJ
9,7 56cm 838± 15m/s 5
IV 1 30-06AP 10,8 56cm 868± 15m/s 1



Other standards

Test of resistance to the effects of stabbing weapons CSN 395360:2000

This standard specifies general test methods for the resistance of protective equipment protecting persons and property against the effects of stabbing weapons.

Level of resistance  Body mass [kg] Impact energy [J] Drop height [m]
TON-I 2,6 65 ± 1 2,55
TON-II 2,6 65 ± 1 2,55
TON-III 2,6 35 ± 1 1,36



Resistance of ballistic plates according to the manufacturer GARED s.r.o.

Extended distribution of ballistic plate resistance according to GARED s.r.o. manufacturer, beyond level III according to NIJ STD 0101.04.

Level of resistance  Bullet resistance
III.+ 5,45 x 39 (7N22, 7N6)
5,56 x 45 (M193, SS 109, M855)
7,62 x 39 FMJ (MSC)
7,62 x 51 (M80)
III.++ 7,62 x 54 MSC
5,45 x 39 API
7,62 x 39 API BZ



Resistance of ballistic shields according to the manufacturer GARED s.r.o.

Extended division of ballistic shield resistance according to the manufacturer GARED s.r.o., beyond level III.

Level of resistance  Bullet resistance
III.+ 5,45 x 39 (7N22, 7N6)
5,56 x 45 (M193, SS 109, M855)
7,62 x 39 FMJ (MSC)
7,62 x 51 FMJ (M80)
III.++ 7,62 x 54 MSC
5,45 x 39 API
7,62 x 39 API BZ



Test of resistance to the effects of stabbing weapons NIJ 0115.00

Level of resistance   “E1” [J] “E2” [J]
1 24 ± 0.50 36 ± 0.60
2 33 ± 0.60 50 ± 0.70
3 43 ± 0.60 65 ± 0.80